The team at Plumbspec get asked a lot of questions by clients regarding toilets: what are the different types, what are their benefits, and how will they work in your home? To help you get a better understanding, we’ve worked to find an article (original found here by My Plumbing) that will explain everything you need to know about the tried and true toilet! 

Remember, if you have any questions regarding your toilet in Wellington, or if you experience a plumbing emergency in Wellington, then the team at Plumbspec can help! 

Everything you need to know about toilets

There are a number of different types of toilet and so you need to be fully aware of what can and can’t be fitted in your bathroom before you go to purchase a toilet.

Ideally, you may need to get a toilet plumber out to check what type of toilet you have because it depends on where the cold water feed is and how the toilet it set up at the moment.

We often take toilets for granted but they are surely a necessity, without which you might be in a bit of strife. Therefore, take time to decide on which toilet to buy, as a good one will be worth its value in the long-run.

With such a range of styles and designs available, it can be difficult to know where to start. This guide will explain the available and popular options, and also tell you everything you need to know to find the perfect toilet for your bathroom.

Closed-Coupled Toilets

A closed-coupled toilet has two separate ceramic pieces – the cistern and the pan. The cistern is mounted directly on the top of the pan. It typically has a dual flush button and in some models a lever handle.

These are the most common toilet-type in the UK. They come with a large number of designs, shapes and styles.They are usually the cheapest options in terms of purchasing and installation. So,while choosing your model, let your personal style-sense shine through.

Features & Benefits:

  • The swiftest and cheapest option in terms of installation
  • Huge range of shapes and styles
  • Drain pipe usually goes out to the left, right, down or back

Back-to-Wall Toilets

These toilet units are ideal for creating a modern and minimalist look. They have the cistern concealed in the wall or incorporates a piece of furniture to provide a neat finish and also provides a clever way to maximise space in the cloakroom. Some concealed cisterns measure 10cm or less in depth, so the overall depth is less than a close-coupled toilet.

If you need to adjust or repair cistern- the access is either through a panel that is fitted within the bathroom furniture, or via a flush plate, fitted in a wall. Either way, maintenance is usually not much difficult than a standard toilet.

Features & Benefits:

  • Offers a stylish, contemporary look in a cheaper price than a wall-hung toilet
  • Perfect for use with a run of furniture.
  • Creates a delusion of space in the bathroom with less clutter
  • Easier to install as no support frame is needed.

Wall-Mounted Toilets

Wall mounted, or wall hung toilets, also have a chrome flush plate to provide access to the cistern as it is hidden away inside a wall or a furniture unit.

The toilet needs to be supported by a strong wall frame that houses the concealed cistern. A wall-mounted toilet can usually be fitted to any wall, even in a stud wall, provided it is reinforced and supported strongly.

The mounting frames are built to support around 200kg weight when properly fitted, so that you don’t need to worry about it falling off the wall.

Features & Benefits:

  • Leaves the floor free giving the best illusion of space
  • Has a super stylish and chic look that adds oomph-factor to your bathroom
  • Usually supports about 200kg of weight

Closed-Back Toilets

These toilets are sometimes called fully-enclosed toilets. They are a type of close-coupled toilet, goes fully back to the wall and creates a neat look. Although remember that if your waste pipe exits to the left or right of the toilet, you won’t be able to choose this type.

Features & Benefits:

  • Covers unsightly pipework
  • Space saving
  • Easy to clean and maintain

Comfort Height Toilets

Designed to make it more comfortable for the user, these toilets are 4 or 5cm taller than a usual toilet.

The extra height may not seem like a big difference, but for slightly taller people, elderly or ailing persons, it makes getting up and down from the toilet much easier.

Features & Benefits:

  • High seating position makes sitting down and getting up easier
  • Less pressure on the knees and other lower body joints
  • Easy access for both the elderly and the less abled.

Toilet Seats

Along with the toilet unit, you may also need to think about your choice of toilet seat. Most of the toilets include seats, using the simple and convenient quick release design for easy fitting. However, you can also choose soft closing seats, that makes releasing and closing the lid smooth, without any sudden bangs, reducing wear and tear.

Depending on the style of toilet, there are range of choices of colour or finish, such as solid oak, walnut effect, or the classic white. Seats also come in various other materials, including Thermoplastic, with a quality hard-wearing finish and is easy to maintain and Thermoset, a deluxe polymer,UV resilient and colour-fast material that is anti-scratch, and has a sturdy surface.

Concealed Toilet Suites

If you have a concealed system, please be absolutely sure that you have an accessible panel. Without this, you can’t carry out maintenance easily. You can ask the My Plumber plumbing team to help you with this on 020 3078 5920


Non-Concealed Toilet Suites

These are the classic toilets that have been around for more than a couple of decades. They are extensively available and very easy to install. However, they take up a bit more room as the cistern needs to be mounted on the wall. But they do come in compact designs to minimise the pushiness of the external cistern.

What to consider when buying a new toilet:

  • Water efficiency: Try to buy toilets that have dual flush, a.k.a. have the option of a half or full flush. This will help you choosing more water efficient toilet.
  • Cost: Decide on your budget beforehand as it will determine the efficiency, longevity and style of the toilet, from the basic suites to the more luxurious one. Also, ensure the warranty and replacement parts while choosing a model.
  • Aesthetic: A toilet is never meant to be the stand-out feature of your bathroom, however, you would definitely want it to blend in with the rest of your bathroom furniture. There are a huge range of options from finishes,shapes and flush systems to choose.